The PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA DURING PREGNANCY

Authors

  • Dr. Mehnaz Khakwani Professor Department Of Gynaecology - Nishtar Medical University, Multan
  • Dr. Rashida Parveen Assistant Professor Department Of Gynaecology - Nishtar Medical University, Multan
  • Dr. Nabila Tariq Department Of Gynaecology - Nishtar Medical University, Multan

Keywords:

anemia, pregnancy

Abstract

Background: Anemia is the most common medical disorder affecting the pregnant women .In developing countries like Pakistan, it is more common as compared to developed countries .This increased prevalence is due to malnutrition, short inter pregnancy interval and multiparity. Anemia is associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity as well as mortality.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of anemia in women admitted in labor room of Nishtar Hospital Multan, Pakistan.

Study design: Descriptive cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted from 01-08-2019 to 31-07-2020 in the labor room of Nishtar Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Multan.

Methodology: All Pregnant women admitted in labor room regardless of duration of pregnancy were enrolled for study. Data was collected for basic demographics (Age, parity) and duration of pregnancy. Patient Hb was checked. All the information were entered on a self-designed proforma. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 24 for calculation of Frequency and percentages of qualitative data like age groups, parity, residential and socioeconomic status and severity of anemia and mean (SD) for quantitative data such as age and hemoglobin levels.

Results: During the study period, total number of patients enrolled for the study were 359.Out of 359, a total of 250 patients were found to be anemic. Anemia was defined according to WHO criteria i.e. Hb less than 11g/dl.in this study, frequency of anemia was 70.8%. Mean hemoglobin of the patients was 10.314 ± 4.213 Patients with mild anemia (10 - 10.9g/dl) were 104/359 (30.3%), moderate anemia (7 - 9.9 g/dl) 138/359 (38.3%), severe anemia (4- 6.9 g/dl) 8/359 (2.2%). There was no patient of very severe anemia (Hb less than 4 g/dl.). Mean age of women enrolled in study was 27.5 years ± 5 years. Majority, 269/359 (75.0%) were between 21-30 years .Table 2 is showing the age distribution of patients. Regarding parity, 319 (88.6%) of the patients were from para 1 to para 5 while 40 patients (11.4%) were more than para 5. Regarding socioeconomic status, 348 patients (96.7%)were from low socioeconomic status ( monthly income less than 30,000 PKR) and only 11 patients ( 3.3 %) were from middle socioeconomic status ( monthly income more than 30,000 PKR). 200 /359 (55.6%) patients were from urban areas and 159/359 (44.4%) were from rural areas.

Conclusion: Our study revealed very high prevalence of anemia in our region. Therefore anemia should be recognized as a serious public health problem. This high prevalence can be decreased by awareness programmes, improving the dietary habits and status of the women and by counselling on birth spacing and regular antenatal care.

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Published

2022-10-28

How to Cite

Dr. Mehnaz Khakwani, Dr. Rashida Parveen, & Dr. Nabila Tariq. (2022). The PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA DURING PREGNANCY. JNMU, 2(2), 49–53. Retrieved from http://journal.nmu.edu.pk/index.php/njs/article/view/31